As we all know and feel, this summer is hotter than ever. The days are perfect for going to the beach, but we must remember that the sun can be dangerous if the proper measures are not taken. A study from the University of Bristol in England says that some of the biggest heat waves have yet to be recorded. This means that the next few weeks will be even hotter. The research also predicts that as climate change worsens, these phenomena will be more intense in the future, that is, in the coming years.
In our country, the sun is constant. For this reason, it is recommended to use sunscreen every day before leaving home and not only when enjoying an outdoor activity such as the beach, swimming pool, or when playing sports. The sun not only causes premature skin aging and cancer, but it can also cause:
- Dehydration: – According to the Mayo Clinic, prolonged bouts of dehydration can cause urinary tract infections, dizziness, vomiting, fainting, unconsciousness, weakness, and even kidney failure. Therefore, we must be aware of drinking more water and hydrating fluids during the day, even more so in the summer.
- Dehydration in the skin: – Dehydration can affect all skin types, including combination or oily. Skin lacking water suffers from stiffness, itchiness, loss of radiance and well-being, and even scales may appear due to dryness. Therefore we must be aware of using moisturizing creams at night.
- Heat stroke: – This happens when the body fails to regulate its temperature. Symptoms can be extreme thirst, muscle cramps, excessive sweating, dry red skin, fainting, and fainting. The skin may blister, fever, chills, or skin rash. The recommendations to avoid it are the following:
- Avoid the hours of 10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
- Wear a cap or hat
- Find a shady place or bring an umbrella
- Reapply sunscreen every two hours, especially in the susceptible areas such as the face and shoulders
- Avoid clothing made of synthetic fibers
- Walk in the shadow
However, a mistake can occur while practicing an outdoor activity, which can cause severe skin burns. In this case, assessing whether the person only has skin symptoms or feels dazed is essential. If the person loses consciousness or convulses, you should immediately take them to your doctor or a hospital.
Once you get out of the sun, you should immediately take care of your skin in the following way:
- Receive cool water all over the body to lower the temperature
- Apply cold water compresses on reddened areas
- Use moisturizing gels several times a day
- Hydrate constantly, but in small sips
- Be in a shady and cool place
- It is recommended to place ice in some regions of the body, such as the armpits and the groin
Think about the sun daily to raise awareness that you must always take care of yourself and be aware that your family and friends do the same.